UV systems are effective at deactivating microbiological contaminants in water. To perform their job effectively, the components of a UV system must be kept in optimal working condition. One of the most important maintenance tasks you can perform on your UV system is the cleaning of the quartz sleeve. Without proper care, the quartz sleeve becomes cloudy, dirty, and unable to transmit light from the bulb to the water. Below you can learn about how to properly care for your UV system’s quartz sleeve.
What is a UV quartz sleeve?
A UV quartz sleeve is a glass tube that protects the UV bulb from water and debris. UV-C light from the UV bulb must pass through the quartz sleeve to disinfect the water flowing through the system. A quartz sleeve is composed of quartz glass specifically designed to transmit UV-C light. Despite their effectiveness in UV systems, quartz sleeves are susceptible to cracks, breaks, and scratches. When handling a quartz sleeve, take extra care to prevent damage to the glass.
Why clean your UV quartz sleeve?
Quartz sleeves become contaminated and cloudy from impurities in water. When the sleeve becomes dirty, it loses its transparency. For UV light to be most effective against microbiological contaminants, it must be able to pass through the glass. If you have hard water in your home, the sleeve can become fouled, preventing UV light from passing through the glass effectively. If your water contains high levels of iron or manganese, water contaminants notorious for their bright orange stains, the sleeve could become too muddied for the UV-C light to pass through. Even if your water is fairly clear and free from discoloration, over time the sleeve will inevitably become dirtied by its contact with water.
This highlights the necessity for appropriate pre-treatment before your UV system. Since pathogens and bacteria can hide behind particulate matter and slip through the system undetected (known as “shadowing”), a 5-micron prefilter is imperative to any UV system’s performance. This will remove any flakes or particles that could shroud the living organisms in your water. Additionally, if you have hard water, an ion exchange water softener will protect not only your UV system, but also your household appliances like water heaters, showerheads, and dishwashers. Hard water is notorious for the damage it does to a home. Installing a water softener before your UV system will ensure that scale is not crusting up your quartz sleeve and save you from replacing the sleeves multiple times a year. Removing the iron from your water will also increase the longevity of your quartz sleeve, as well as rid your home of undesirable muddy orange stains.
If your quartz sleeve is not cleaned on schedule, the occupants of your home are at risk of illness due to bacteria and viruses in their water. The best ways to avoid this risk are cleaning your quartz sleeve and replacing the UV lamp every 12 months. After 2 or 3 years, the quartz sleeve will not be able to be cleaned to its proper transparency. Ensure that you remember to replace your lamp at intervals that are appropriate for your UV system and water quality.
Learn more: What is a water softener?
How often does a UV quartz sleeve need to be cleaned?
A UV quartz sleeve should be cleaned at least once every 12 months, but you may opt to clean it every 3 to 6 months. Cleaning the quartz sleeve when the UV lamp is replaced is a simple and effective schedule to follow. When cleaned properly, the quartz sleeve allows UV light to pass through and effectively disinfect water. If your quartz sleeve experiences fouling, you will need to clean and replace it more frequently. Likewise, hard water causes limescale buildup on a quartz sleeve and necessitates cleaning more frequently.
How often does a UV quartz sleeve need to be replaced?
A UV quartz sleeve should be replaced every 2 to 3 years. Factors that affect the frequency of sleeve changes include cleaning frequency, water quality, and sleeve construction. Quartz sleeves are very fragile, so exercise caution while handling your sleeve during cleaning and replacement.
Because quartz sleeves are so fragile, consider always storing a backup sleeve. With a second sleeve on hand, a sleeve breakage would not prevent you from shutting off the system until a new one arrives. The inconvenience of a lack of running water can easily be avoided with a spare quartz sleeve.
Steps to cleaning a UV quartz sleeve
To clean a UV quartz sleeve, gather the following items:
- Soft cloth
- Latex gloves
While handling your sleeve, always wear new protective gloves. Never touch the sleeve with bare hands or used gloves, as this will add oils and grime that can block light from passing through. Each time you follow your quartz sleeve maintenance schedule, follow these steps to clean your UV system’s quartz sleeve.
- Shut off the water flowing through the system. To depressurize the system, open a faucet somewhere in your home.
- Turn off the power to the UV system. When the alarm sounds, turn it off as well.
- Let the system sit for 10 to 15 minutes. UV lamps run very hot and cannot be handled right away. Ensure the system is cool before you continue.
- Remove the safety cap. Squeeze the tabs to allow the cap to be removed.
- Remove the lamp plug. Be careful not to disconnect any wires while unplugging the lamp plug.
- Put on new gloves before handling the quartz sleeve. Old gloves and bare skin can cover the sleeve in oil and grime that blocks the UV light.
- Remove the assembly and sleeve bolt.
- Unscrew the UV lamp while holding the sleeve bolt.
- Remove the sleeve bolt and O-rings.
- Wipe the sleeve with a soft cloth soaked in vinegar. Ensure that you do not use a rough cloth with abrasive edges, as this can scratch the sleeve and render it ineffective.
- Check for cracks or other damages in the sleeve. Before reinserting the quartz sleeve, you want to make sure it is going to perform its role effectively. Any scratches or chips can lead to ineffective disinfection or damage to the UV system. A cracked sleeve should be immediately discarded and replaced with a new one.
- Reassemble the UV system. Once your sleeve is cleaned and you confirm it is free of damage, you can reassemble the system.
- Restore power to the system and turn on your water supply.
Whenever you clean your quartz sleeve, document the date of cleaning. With proper documentation, you can ensure that your sleeve is cleaned and replaced on a schedule suitable for your system. Remember to replace the sleeve every 2 to 3 years.
If you have any additional questions, please leave a comment or contact us