Source of Organic Solids and Compounds in Water: Organic matter and compounds are generally used in manufacturing or pesticide use and production. Lindane, for example, is used in flea and lice dip for livestock and other animals. Atrazine is used as a weed deterrent, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are used in the production of inks, lubricants, and plastics. 2,4-D is used as an agricultural and road-side herbicide. Some organic compounds and solids may naturally occur; others may be caused by domestic and commercial chemical wastes including wastewater discharges, agricultural runoff, urban runoff, and leaching from contaminated soils. Well-owners and users may be at higher risk from these contaminants. Some common dangerous organic solids and compounds are: acrylamide, alachlor, adipates, chlordane, epichlorohydrin, endrin, toxaphene, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), phthalates, and p-dichlorobenzene.
Symptoms of Certain Organic Solids and Compounds: Symptoms of these organic compounds can vary. Some have proven to be carcinogens, others affect the cardiovascular, reproductive, or nervous systems. To look up the specific contaminant and its effects, visit the EPA.
Filtration Solutions for Organic Solids and Compounds: If you are concerned about a specific contaminant, have your water tested first. Activated carbon is an effective solution for organic solids and compounds. Many refrigerator filters, including the Swift Green brand, are effective against this contaminant since they are often made out of carbon. Activated carbon filters are generally used to remove organics, color, and taste-and-odor causing compounds. Reverse osmosis systems can also be highly effective removing 98 to 99% of organics in the water. Ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF) have both been proven to remove organics from drinking water.